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World Oceans Day – 8 June 2021

« Love ocean, he will not betray you. »

On June 8, the entire world comes together for the largest water body surrounding us, which is the ocean. It is an important part of our earth as it provides us with water, the most integral element that we need in our daily lives.

However, over the years, the oceans have to bear the brunt of man-made destruction. From industrial waste to throwing unwanted litter, its degradation is destabilizing the earth’s dynamics with its natural resources that will lead to an eventual and unfortunate end.

Therefore, it becomes all the more important to save the oceans around the world.

World Ocean Day History

This was first suggested in 1992 during the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. The aim behind this was to not only celebrate the vast water body and its benefits in our lives but also to raise awareness about what can be done to make it a part of sustainable development. On December 5, 2008, a resolution was passed by the UN General Assembly to designate this day.

World Ocean Day Significance

UNESCO states that this day is observed to remind everyone that oceans are the lungs of our planet. Awareness is raised about how to conserve it and rescue it from the eventual degradation that is caused by our careless activities. Therefore, World Ocean Day is celebrated for this reason all across the world.

World Ocean Day Theme

This year, the theme of World Ocean Day is ‘The Ocean: Life and Livelihoods’. Owing to the pandemic, all the celebrations today will happen virtually.

World Ocean Day Quotes

  1. “Faith is knowing there is an ocean because you have seen a brook.” —William Arthur Ward
  2. « No water, no life. No blue, no green. »- Sylvia Plath
  3. « There is going to be no life. We are going to save our oceans. On the occasion of World Oceans Day, Let us join hands to save them. Happy World Oceans Day. »
  4. « You will love the ocean. It makes you feel small. But not in a bad way. Small because you realize you’re part of something bigger. »- Lauren Myracle
  5. Ocean is more ancient than the mountains, and freighted with the memories and the dreams of Time. – H. P. Lovecraft
  6. .Being out there in the ocean, God’s creation, it’s like a gift he has given us to enjoy. – Bethany Hamilton
  7. To me the sea is a continual miracle; The fishes that swim–the rocks–the motion of the waves–the ships, with men in them. What stranger miracles are there? – Walt Whitman

 

Source: Texte: www.timesnownews.com.    Image: latestly.com

International day of Human Fraternity – 4 February 2021

With unanimous vote in the General Assembly, February 4 becomes the (first) International Day of Human Fraternity. 

  The United Nations General Assembly voted unanimously to designate February 4 — the anniversary of the signing of the “Document for Human Fraternity” by Pope Francis and Grand Imam Ahmad Al-Tayyeb — as the “International Day of Human Fraternity.” 

The General Assembly voted Tuesday and invited Member States and the United Nations system to include this celebration in their calendar beginning in 2021. 

Supported by Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Equatorial Guinea, Morocco, Burkina Faso and Venezuela, the U.N. resolution takes note of the meeting between Pope Francis and the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar, Ahmed el-Tayeb, on February 4, 2019, in Abu Dhabi. 

The resolution also calls on all member states to “continue to work for a culture of peace in order to contribute to peace and sustainable development.” This includes, according to the document, the mobilization of “the efforts of the international community in favor of peace, tolerance, inclusion, understanding and solidarity.”

While introducing the resolution, representatives of the United Arab Emirates said it was a response to growing religious hatred amid the COVID-19 pandemic, the U.N. website said. The resolution says that the General Assembly reaffirms the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in particular the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.

Word of the Editor: The following video, from the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, speaks volumes… https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Mnof8dSFIoR-mU74W8SV-l0X2CohMm8B/view?usp=sharing

Source: Text: John Burger, Aleteia Image: vaticannews.va

 

Journée internationale pour le droit à la vérité – 24 mars 2020

L’intitulé intégral de cette journée proposée par les Nations Unies est : « Journée internationale pour le droit à la vérité en ce qui concerne les violations flagrantes des droits de l’homme et pour la dignité des victimes ».
Les résolutions votées par cet organisation à cette occasion précisent qu’elles concernent essentiellement les guerres déclarées depuis la création de l’ONU, la protection des victimes, la fin de l’impunité pour les crimes commis.
Source: Texte: Journée mondiale

Le droit à la vérité est souvent invoqué dans le contexte de violations flagrantes des droits de l’homme et de violations graves du droit humanitaire. En cas d’exécutions sommaires, de disparitions forcées ou non, d’enlèvements d’enfants, de tortures, les victimes ou leurs proches exigent de savoir ce qui s’est passé. Le droit à la vérité signifie le droit de connaître la vérité absolue et complète quant aux événements qui ont eu lieu, aux circonstances spécifiques qui les ont entourés, et aux individus qui y ont participé, y compris les circonstances dans lesquelles les violations ont été commises et les raisons qui les ont motivées.

Le 21 décembre 2010, l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU a proclamé le 24 mars Journée internationale pour le droit à la vérité en ce qui concerne les violations flagrantes des droits de l’homme et pour la dignité des victimes.

L’objectif de la Journée est :

  • d’honorer la mémoire des victimes de violations flagrantes et systématiques des droits humains et promouvoir l’importance du droit à la vérité et la justice;
  • de rendre hommage à ceux qui ont consacré leur vie à, et ont perdu la vie dans la lutte pour promouvoir et protéger les droits de l’homme pour tous;
  • de reconnaître, en particulier, l’importance du travail et des valeurs de l’archevêque Oscar Arnulfo Romero, du Salvador, qui a été assassiné le 24 mars 1980, après avoir dénoncé les violations des droits de l’homme des populations les plus vulnérables et défendu les principes de protection de la vie, promotion de la dignité humaine et d’opposition à toutes les formes de violence.

Dans sa résolution l’Assemblée générale invite tous les États Membres, les organisations internationales et organisations de la société civile et les particuliers, à célébrer la Journée internationale de manière appropriée.

Source: Texte: http://www.un.org/fr/events/righttotruthday/documents.shtml   Image: Archbishop Romero Trust

Journée mondiale de l’océan – 8 juin

Nettoyons nos océans
La Journée mondiale de l’océan est célébrée pour rappeler que les océans jouent un rôle primordial dans notre subsistance. Véritables poumons de notre planète, ils fournissent, par exemple, la plupart de l’oxygène que nous respirons. Ils constituent aussi une source importante de nourriture et de médicaments, et sont un élément essentiel de la biosphère. Il est donc important de sensibiliser le public sur la place fondamentale qu’ils occupent dans notre écosystème, mais également sur l’impact de nos activités humaines.

Cette journée vise notamment à mobiliser et unir les populations du monde entier sur un projet de gestion durable des océans. Il s’agit enfin de rendre hommage à leur beauté et à leur richesse.

L’Océan et le genre
Cette année, les problématiques discutées à l’occasion de la Journée mondiale de l’océan prendront aussi une dimension sexospécifique. Il s’agira en effet d’une opportunité pour renforcer les connaissances en matière d’Océan et de genre, de rechercher les moyens de promouvoir l’égalité des sexes dans le cadre d’activités liées aux océans telles que la recherche scientifique marine, la pêche, le travail en mer, la migration et la traite des êtres humains, mais aussi dans l’élaboration et la mise en œuvre de politiques publiques.

L’importance de l’égalité des sexes – en particulier pour la conservation efficace et l’utilisation durable des océans, des mers et des ressources marines – est aujourd’hui avérée. Cependant, il existe très peu de données et de recherches sur cet enjeu, et une action concertée en faveur de l’égalité des sexes et de l’autonomisation des femmes et des filles reste nécessaire dans tous les secteurs liés aux océans pour atteindre l’Objectif de développement durable n°5.

Afin de célébrer la Journée mondiale de l’océan, une conférence se tiendra au Siège de l’ONU à New York le 7 juin 2019. Des artistes et des conférenciers du monde entier viendront échanger leur point de vue autour de la thématique « l’océan et le genre », afin d’avoir une approche et une compréhension globale du sujet. L’objectif final sera celui d’arriver à établir les mesures nécessaires à la réalisation de l’égalité des sexes dans les activités liées à l’océan.

 

Source: Texte: https://www.un.org  Image: ‘Une petite fille parle à l’océan’ – Finaliste du concours photo de la Journée mondiale de l’océan 2017/Dragos Dumitrescu, Roumanie.

 

International Volunteer Day – 5 December

The United Nations (UN) annually observes the International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development on December 5. The day, which is also known as International Volunteer Day (IVD), gives volunteers a chance to work together on projects and campaigns promoting their contributions to economic and social development at local, national and international levels.

Each year UN General Assembly invites governments to observe the International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development on December 5 (A/RES/40/212 of 17 December 1985). As a result of the resolution from December 17, 1985, governments, the UN, and civil society organizations work together with volunteers around the world to celebrate the Day on December 5 each year.

In 2001, the International Year of Volunteers, the Assembly adopted a set of recommendations on ways that governments and the UN could support volunteering and asked that they be widely disseminated. The International Year of Volunteers aimed to stimulate national and international policy debate around, and to advocate for, recognizing, facilitating, networking and promoting voluntary action. The year led to a much better appreciation of the power of volunteerism in its many forms and the ways to support it.

Source: Text: www.timeanddate.com  Image: volunteeringnz.org.nz

Universal Children’s Day – 20 November

The United Nations’ (UN) Universal Children’s Day, which was established in 1954, is celebrated on November 20 each year to promote international togetherness and awareness among children worldwide. UNICEF, the United Nations Children’s Fund, promotes and coordinates this special day, which also works towards improving children’s welfare.

Background
On December 14, 1954, the UN General Assembly recommended that all countries should introduce an annual event from 1956 known as Universal Children’s Day to encourage fraternity and understanding between children all over the world and promoting the welfare of children. It was recommended that individual countries should choose an appropriate date for this occasion.

At the time, the UN General Assembly recommended that all countries should establish a Children’s Day on an “appropriate” date. Many of the countries respected this recommendation and the Universal Children’s Day has since been annually observed on November 20. There are however, some countries, such as Australia and India, which still chose various different dates during the year to celebrate this day.

On November 20, 1959, the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and on November 20, 1989, it adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Since 1990, Universal Children’s Day also marks the anniversary of the date that the UN General Assembly adopted both the declaration and the convention on children’s rights.

Source: Text: timeanddate.com Image: YouTube

International Day for Tolerance – 16 November

The United Nations’ (UN) International Day for Tolerance is annually observed on November 16 to educate people about the need for tolerance in society and to help them understand the negative effects of intolerance.

Background
In 1996 the UN General Assembly invited member states to observe the International Day for Tolerance on November 16, with activities directed towards both educational establishments and the wider public (resolution 51/95 of 12 December). This action came in the wake of the United Nations Year for Tolerance, 1995, proclaimed by the assembly in 1993 (resolution 48/126). The year was declared on the General Conference of UNESCO’s initiative. On November 16, 1995, the UNESCO member states adopted the Declaration of Principles on Tolerance and Follow-up Plan of Action for the year.

The 2005 World Summit Outcome document outlines the commitment of Heads of State and Government to advance human welfare, freedom and progress everywhere, as well as to encourage tolerance, respect, dialogue and cooperation among different cultures, civilizations and peoples.

Source: Text: timeanddate.com Image: catholicworkreport.com

World Pneumonia Day – 12 November

World Pneumonia Day is annually held on November 12 to raise awareness of pneumonia, promote prevention and treatment, and generate action to fight the illness.

Pneumonia is a form of acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs, making breathing painful and limiting oxygen intake. Pneumonia is the biggest killer of children under age 5 worldwide. Nearly one in five global child deaths result from pneumonia every year. Moreover, this is a preventable and treatable illness via vaccines, antibiotic treatment, and improved sanitation. The United Nations (UN) first celebrated the day on November 12, 2009.

Source: Text: timeanddate.com Image: Journée mondiale

 

International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict – 6 November

On 5 November 2001, the UN General Assembly declared 6 November of each year as the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict (A/RES/56/4).

Though mankind has always counted its war casualties in terms of dead and wounded soldiers and civilians, destroyed cities and livelihoods, the environment has often remained the unpublicized victim of war. Water wells have been polluted, crops torched, forests cut down, soils poisoned, and animals killed to gain military advantage.

Furthermore, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has found that over the last 60 years, at least 40 percent of all internal conflicts have been linked to the exploitation of natural resources, whether high-value resources such as timber, diamonds, gold and oil, or scarce resources such as fertile land and water. Conflicts involving natural resources have also been found to be twice as likely to relapse.

The United Nations attaches great importance to ensuring that action on the environment is part of conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peacebuilding strategies – because there can be no durable peace if the natural resources that sustain livelihoods and ecosystems are destroyed.

On 27 May 2016, the United Nations Environment Assembly adopted resolution UNEP/EA.2/Res.15, which recognized the role of healthy ecosystems and sustainably managed resources in reducing the risk of armed conflict, and reaffirmed its strong commitment to the full implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals listed in General Assembly resolution 70/1, entitled “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.

Source: Text: UN Image: UN on Twitter

 

 

World Food Day – 16 October

 World Food Day is annually held on October 16 to commemorate the founding of the United Nations’ (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Each year has a different theme.

The FAO aims to raise levels of nutrition across the globe, improve agricultural productivity at all levels, enhance the lives of rural populations and contribute to the growth of the world economy. It also provides assistance to countries changing their agricultural policy, to aid regions out of famine situations, to help implement appropriate technology and facilitate a neutral environment to discuss issues around food production.

At the FAO’s 20th session in Rome, Italy, in November 1979 the conference called for the observance of World Food Day on October 16, 1981, and on the same date each year. The UN General Assembly ratified this decision on December 5, 1980, and urged governments and international, national and local organizations to contribute to observing World Food Day. World Food Day has been held each year since 1981.

Source: Text: www.timeandate.com Image: Inside News